A Journal of Inner Work and Therapeutic Arts
Immanence and Identity in Plural Personality

Studies Index...

Singletons, Intercepted Signs and Houses, Aspect Patterns, Different Charts and Views
When things become confused, go-to points and working-through.
Astrological cogmaps in the transition to 65.

23 April - 13 May 2015


John Sandbach describes the 'singleton in hemisphere' as that planet found alone in one hemisphere, with 9 other planets in the other; he interprets significance on the basis of hemisphere (upper, lower, east, west), house and sign.

Whenever there is a singleton in hemisphere, the nature of that planet will show the type of approach the person has to that hemisphere, and the house placement of that planet will show the type of circumstances through which this person approaches the whole of that hemisphere. To give an example of this, I have Jupiter as singleton in the western hemisphere. This means that all of my relating to the outside world is dominated by an enthusiasm ― the desire to encourage, to relate whole-heartedly, to be generous. If this is to manifest negatively it can come out as going to[o] far, trying too hard, doing too much in terms of trying to relate. And the fact that my Jupiter is in the 4th house means that my whole means of relating to this outside world is through an intimacy (4th house), through getting close, and through trying to help others to feel more secure. I enter easily into the private world of others ― I love to do so. 4th house signifies one[']s private world.

In a series of articles on The Singleton Planets, Eleanor Buckwalter1 begins with a brief description of her approach to 'psychological astrology' and assessment predicated on the idea that each chart "shows the potential for wholeness" among the energies and psychological processes evidenced therein, further elicited in conversation with the native "to find out at what level of consciousness he is functioning most of the time". She illustrates five categories applied in the breakdown of zodiacal signs and houses based on the preponderant placement of planets, affording "insight into the inherent qualities, talents, inhibitions and general tendencies of the person":

  • Polarity: (Positive/Negative or Yang/Yin)
  • Modality: (Cardinal, Fixed, Mutable)
  • Element: (Fire, Air, Water, Earth)
  • Orientation by Sign: Personal, Social and Universal
  • Orientation by House: Personal, Social and Universal

In Part 1 of Depth analysis of the Natal Chart: Inferior Functions she tells us that

[t]he DOMINANT FUNCTION in the chart is indicated by where the most energy is collected and the INFERIOR FUNCTION is where there is the least or none at all. [...]

The SINGLETON is one of two types of inferior functions. Singletons show up as one-of-a-kind in one or more categories; by modality, element, orientation by sign and house, or as the only planet in one hemisphere. In whatever way a planet is a singleton, it is equally important. The more times it is a singleton, the more it is emphasized, and the more highly focused it tends to be in the psychology and in the life. The energy of the singleton planet, the quality of the sign and house in which it is posited and the house(s) it rules are all highlighted. A singleton is both the 'runt of the litter' and the 'pig of the litter.' It can demand nearly all of a person's psychic energy, starving the dominant function. [...]

She believes that people handle their inferior functions through defense mechanisms such as denial, repres-
sion/suppression, projection, sublimation
and over-
and that the average individual continues to defend against these "highly charged issues" and doesn't alter behavior unless forced to by circumstance.

So, while the first type of inferior function is indicated by the singleton, an emphasized one-of-a-kind energic focus in the chart, the second type is indicated by "absent functions", by what is not there and what is thus 'hidden' by implication, as

when there are no planets in an element, modality or orientation. When there are no planets in an element, there is a hidden grand trine; and when there are no planets in a modality, there is a hidden grand square. Both grand trines and grand squares, obvious or 'hidden,' are closed systems. The person lives in his own self-created world and is inaccessible to others along the lines of the element or modality that is involved. He tends unconsciously to block out relationships in the area of the major configurations. For example, a grand trine in fire, either present of hidden, can bring great luck and taken-for-granted skill in areas of creativity and visionary intuition. As a closed system, other people cannot hook into the person's dramatic and passionate world. It is a place within his psyche where he is complete within himself and does not need relationships. In this area, at least, he is self-fulfilled. The difference between the grand trine and the hidden grand trine is this: the first expresses with a natural easiness and grace, with nonchalance, while the absent grand trine comes up with urgency, intensity and passion. For example, Beethoven had no water; his music is intense and soul wrenching in its passion; Liszt had a grand trine in water and his music flows with ease, feeling and romance.

Sun As Singleton | Moon | Mercury | Venus | Mars | Jupiter | Saturn
The Outer Planets | Uranus | Neptune | Pluto | Conjunctions

Buckwalter's work in this series has been of real benefit; her techniques and syntheses are thought-provoking, influenced by Richard Idemon,2 as is her take on the Outer Planets. Apologist judgments often present in 'psychological astrology', however, and in 'evolutionary astrology', in the construction of a 'story' putatively supported by astrological evidence but based in no small measure on prescriptive moral and ontological argument that may not be self-intimating or consistent with core percept.





This is common in introspective studies. Building a case requires desire, as well as determination to winnow through the illusory, searching for 'truth' and resolution, knowing that this 'truth' will also change. I'm focused on the inner experience of divinity and communication with multiple 'voices' in gestalt, so my framework ... well, it's more consistent with strong emphasis of Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune and Pluto. In the material that follows, we'll be examining several changes in my 'story', a revision of interpretations in light of new percepts.

'Heart of the Horoscope'

With respect to the meaning and significance of singletons, then, Bob Marks' orientation is rather more to my liking, as is that of John Sandbach, with which we began.

The late Marc Edmund Jones was the first to discover that a majority of planets on one half of a horoscope or one type of sign could tell you a lot about the person. He also noticed that a total lack of planets in any one area could mean something, and that having one planet on one side of the horoscope all by itself could channel all of the energy of the chart. If a planet happens to be the only one in an element, quality, or house type, that planet is a Singleton and it can funnel all of the 'energy' of the horoscope. This planet is often the most important one in the horoscope.

In other words, if you just interpret the position of this one planet by sign, house, and aspect, you will get to the 'heart of the horoscope'. The effect is the same as if that planet were the only one on one side of the chart. — Link added.

Identifying the singletons

In Chart A at upper left we see a locomotive pattern with Jupiter as lead planet* and Neptune R, trailing. Jupiter is the only planet in a succeedent House, and in the sign it traditionally rules, co-rules with Neptune (or that is ruled by Neptune, which we'll get to in a moment); in addition, it may also be read as only planet in a Social House (5, 6, 7, 8), and only planet in a Universal Sign (Sag, Cap, Aqu, Pis).2 Jupiter may be read as thrice a singleton in that sense.

* Lead planet has two meanings here:

  1. planet at the leading edge (clockwise) of the locomotive pattern, with an empty space before it of 120º; and
  2. a) first planet to rise before the Sun, and/or
    b) first outer planet to rise before the Sun. Also called the planet of orientation

    See also Using the astrological chart as a cognitive map for introspective interaction and analysis.
    If we include all planets by definition 2a, Mercury R is lead planet or Scout, immediately Oriental to Sun, and Moon rises just before Mercury R in the solar stellium. In the current context, we apply 1 and 2b.

Neptune R is the sole planet in the Air element; the sign is Angular and Social (Libra), but these last two placements are not unique to Neptune R.

There's a minor but surprising aspect, a septseminovile 3 (140° — 7S2) connecting Jupiter-Neptune R and Neptune R-Sun, with Sun binovile Jupiter — in Chart D, via Zet, this aspect pattern is highlighted in pale gray). Noviles figure prominently in the chart, and their significance goes to psychospiritual issues; were we not to use them, relying instead on hard aspects, we might read the Sun-Jupiter relation as a square (orb = -10s), an interpretation less than adequate. The novile triangle, on the other hand, like a YOD, shows Neptune R as the point of focus, and (per Koch) in the 4th, which might be construed as one's private home, or a spiritual home, "your spirit center, your life source, your inner country of renewal".4

The problem of house placement...

For many years I have favored the placement of Pluto in the 1st, whether in the sign of Leo (Trop Geo) or Cancer (Sidereal); it simply 'fit', unlike the placement of Pluto in the 2nd. Thus might I choose Equal House, Koch, Campanus or Porphyry over Placidus, a system to which I deeply reacted and so avoided. In evaluating the appropriate sign and house placement of planets, principals and positions in the chart, I often confront a cognitive dissonance.

Systems of house division provide sometimes disturbing, non-resonant results insofar as the cognitive mapping I attempt is aimed at eliciting identificatory material. Pluto in the 1st is the placement with which I could identify. Uranus and Part of Fortune in the 12th also seemed 'right', and while I could accommodate their placement in the 1st, as with Whole Signs, I frankly preferred their locus in the 12th because that better described my experience of work with the unconscious and hidden.

Jupiter 'felt' better in the 9th rather than the 8th, and in Pisces (Trop Geo) rather than Aquarius (Sid Geo or Helio Trop). Saturn 'worked' in Virgo, but felt 'odd' in Leo, as did Mars (which really gave me pause in Libra [Helio Trop]). And Neptune R seemed strangely 'off-base' in the 4th as opposed to the 3rd; proximal the IC and Ketu, its placement in Libra wasn't disturbing so much as not very meaningful; a shift to Virgo (Sid Geo) meant nothing — I was more focused on Ketu-3 and Rahu-9. With ayanamsas Pushya-paksha and Galactic Center a 0Sg0 for example, the Vedic placements are Ketu-3 and Rahu-9, much more consistent with my experience; note also that Pluto is in the 1st. Other connundra inevitably arise with these and different ayanamsas, but Ketu-4 and Rahu-10 simply do not resonate.

In working with the psychodynamics of the chart, in whichever zodiacal schema and system of house division, focused chiefly on aspects and only secondarily, even peripherally on signs and houses, I came to appreciate the greater importance of core patterns such as the Kite Formation of Neptune R - Venus/Vesta - Pluto - Chiron R, which describes the focus on self-transformation so characteristic of our work in gestalt. Many other such formations are illustrated in this study, including the Novile Pattern in Chart A, the Quintile Pattern in Helio Chart B, the Septseminovile and YOD Patterns in Charts D & E, etc.

Much of the transition we're exploring in this study involves an expansion of that thinking. Aspects and patterns remain of primary importance, but I am far less concerned about identificatory outcome at this point.

Interpreting the Singletons

Apart from Ketu and non-traditional tenants, Neptune R is alone in the Koch 4th, a large arc covering most of Libra and Scorpio, so, ruled by Venus, which is the Almuten Figuris.

Using Zet 9.1.55 Lite, with Dorotean rulers of triplicity and Egyptian rulers of term we find Venus as Almuten Figuris with Koch, Placidus, Porphyry, Whole Signs and most systems of house division, except Equal House, 1st House Moon sign and 1st House Sun sign. To calculate the "Almuten Figuris" by Ibn Ezra...

Now, regarding the importance of Neptune as a point of focus, consider the 9th Harmonic Chart C.
Neptune is the handle of a bucket formation; though not included in this illustration, additional principals, asteroids and positions added to this chart tend to maintain the pattern, concentrating the bucket. We can imagine the 'bucket' quite clearly in the Pushya-paksha Navamsa, Chart G.

Bucket : This pattern is similar to the bowl except that one of the planets is in the opposite hemisphere to all the others. This lone planet, or Singleton, serves as a handle, thus creating a 'bucket' form. The bucket pattern indicates a desire to become associated with activity in the mainstream of society, so that the person feels they belong. However, what this often means is that the person expects the world to discover their own unique talents, rather than them trying to fit in. They will usually direct their efforts to a single purpose, and strive to achieve objectives rather than act solely for their own self-preservation. The person will probably behave according to the nature of the Singleton planet that forms the handle of the pattern. This planet will exercise a greater influence than normal in the chart, and will be an important part of the dynamic of the person's activities and basic energy.1

9th Harmonic bucket or anchor pattern showing singletons in relation.

I rather think of this as an anchor, with the bucket handle as anchor head, the planets in direct opposition thereto as the crown, and the principals of the bucket as comprising the arms of the anchor. In the illustration at right, note the loci of the singletons we've identified in the Trop Geo, 9th Harmonic, and next, the Helio Trop chart.

The Heliocentric Tropical Chart — "Chart of the true self"

Michael Erlewine and others are of the opinion that the heliocentric chart reveals more fundamental information.

The heliocentric or inner chart has been described by those who have studied it as a chart of your inner or more spiritual life, who you are beneath all appearances. It has been called the Heart Essence Chart, and also the Dharma Chart, as it is a map of your deeper self. It has been said to be the true chart of your self, before you took on a physical personality, and beneath that personality. Various heliocentric astrologers have described the nature of the helio chart differently, but they all seem to agree that the heliocentric chart is a map of our deeper self, who we are inside, and who we will perhaps become, as we go through life's changes. The helio chart is who we are, when someone really gets to know us.

I also appreciate the views presented by T. Patrick Davis2 in her Exploration of Heliocentric and the Solar Dimension (edited and republished by The Astrological Association, from Astrological Journal September/October 1991). She treats of signs and houses, the midheaven and ascendant as important in helio interpretation, mixes geo and helio charts, omits earth, and regards the energies of planets in the two systems as similar but "functioning on a different wave length" or on a different scale, "so they are not completely interchangeable between the two systems".

The planetary influence from the heliocentric system draws us out to interact with the larger world, to those outside our more intimate circle of family, friends, and co-workers. It represents our status in the community or internationally; it is our public life and career; it is recognition or rejection by the wider world. The geocentric system is more significant of our private lives, although there are some exceptions to be considered when one gets into details.

As an overall concept, one can relate the heliocentric influence to the career and reputation Midheaven of the horoscope, and allocate the geocentric influence to the Ascendant and interests it represents. The divine discontent urging one to seek 'a place in the Sun' varies between individuals, and yet everyone does respond. [...]

In the Helio Chart B at upper right we see two additional singletons : Pluto, as the sole Fire element, and Saturn, as the sole mutable. Most interesting about this chart are the familiar psychodynamics indicated by aspect patterns including the quintile formation, powerful T-squares including the Jupiter-Pluto and Mars-Hephaistos oppositions, and the unifying network of minor grand trines experienced in gestalt.

Summarizing the singleton findings...

We've already identified Neptune and Jupiter as the singletons in the Geo Chart A.

In 9th Harmonic Geo Chart C we find Neptune closely opposing Jupiter and Sun, making both Jupiter and Sun the crown of the anchor, as it were (see illustration H) and Neptune R the head or eye → this pattern, which engages all principals in the arms of the anchor, goes to working through doubts and ambiguities in the effort to identify the underling psychospiritual reality and basis of beliefs.

Chart D shows the Helio radix and progressions for 16 May 2015, in this case including several asteroids of relevance to me. It's obvious that there are many significant differences in the dynamics here. Jupiter, for example, opposes Pluto rather than Saturn. Indeed, we have a grand square and two T-squares in this matrix, and three bisextile formations and three grand trines. That range of aspects is to be expected when so many additional variables are added to the mix, but what's interesting are the different main-body dynamics and their work-throughs. The interpretation of the whole leaves me keenly aware of the problems I face with respect to shadow issues.

We're looking at four singletons — Neptune (Air), Jupiter (lead planet, Succeedent [per Koch, but in other cases not], Social House, Universal sign, own sign), Pluto (Fire), and Saturn (Mutable) — in a plural personality...

Intercepted Signs and Houses

And then we come to the matter of intercepted signs and duplicate signs (aka intercepted houses). These are seen in unequal house systems. In Geo Radix Koch Chart A we readily identify Gemini and Sagittarius as intercepted signs. Gemini is found within the 11th House, the proximal cusp of which is Taurus and the distal, Cancer — Gemini is thus 'contained', not directly accessible. The same applies to the polar opposite, Sagittarius, and this is taken to mean that the Gemini-Sagittarius polarity is in some sense compromised, suggesting problems in the translation of ideas into principles, for example.

In Your Hidden Powers: Intercepted signs and retrograde planets (1992; 2010:178pp) Joanne Wickenburg approaches interception as a problem of dysfunctional polarity and the repression or suppression of a sign's needs.

[...] This is typical of the emergence phase of intercepted signs and planets. Balance comes from objectivity, and objectivity comes from opposition or feedback.

When considering the development of signs on house cusps, balance and integration is found in the polarity established by a sign's opposite (Aries-Libra, Taurus-Scorpio, Gemini-Sagittarius, Cancer-Capricorn, Leo-Aquarius, Virgo-Pisces). [...] When intercepted signs begin to emerge, their outer expression is often out of balance. As people do not receive the type of feedback, encouragement, or tutoring needed from the environment in this area of life, the intercepted sign is unable to function in harmony with the needs described by its opposite sign. The polarity seems at first to be non-existent. Because of the lack of objectivity and due to the lack of environmental teaching, we try to express the qualities of one intercepted sign at the expense of the opposite. It finally becomes necessary to force ourselves on the environment to get a response from it. Often we do so without knowing how out of balance this projection is because we are not attuned to the polarity of the intercepted pair. (19-20) Wickenburg asserts that each planet has "a specific role to play, a specific job to perform, to keep your life moving" (37). Certain kinds of experiences must be acquired, she believes, and that's part of each planet's responsibility in the house it occupies. But when a sign is intercepted,

[t]he energies of two planets are required [...] The planet ruling the house cusp acquires experiences that encourage you to enter the house activities. Once the door is opened, a new need is met that was unknown to you prior to the time it was exposed by the cusp ruler. This [new need] is shown by the intercepted sign. The planet ruling the intercepted sign must then work to find other experiences (its house) that help you elicit and utilize the resources described by the intercepted sign [...] (37)

So, for example, in the Koch chart above, Gemini is found in the 11th House, which is ruled by Venus (Almuten Figuris) in the 10th, and Sagittarius is in the 5th House, ruled by Pluto in the 1st. That's one set of considerations.

Another set involves Mercury, ruler of Gemini is retrograde in the 10th; and Jupiter, ruler of Sagittarius, in the 8th. Mercury is Scout planet, first Oriental to Sun, and Jupiter is leading; these rulers go to experiential outlook and perspective. 10th House is 12th from 11th, and 8th is 4th from 5th, with respect to higher aspirations we're focused on moksha in context of 'career', and, with respect to creative expression, we're focused on psychospiritual roots in context of 'transformation'. 10th from the 11th is the 8th; and 8th from the 5th is the 12th.

Again, this is Koch; other system yield different results. Jupiter tenants the 9th, for example, in Equal House or Whole Signs. In Koch and Krusinski-Pisa-Goelzer, the intercepted signs are Gemini and Sagittarius; the duplicated signs, Cancer (Houses 12/1) and Capricorn (Houses 6/7). In Azimuth (Horizontal), Leo and Aquarius are intercepted, and the duplicates are Aries 10/11 and Libra 4/5. APC gives us an intercepted Sagittarius only, and duplicate Capricorn 6/7. Most other systems do not present interceptions in my natus — but many can in the case of other charts such as the Solar Return.

But we're applying Koch in this study (in preference to Campanus or Porphyry, though these prove useful in other respects: eg, Campanus places Saturn in the final 5º of the 2nd, so we might think of it in the 3rd, and consider is significant with respect to financial privation) in an effort to assess forthcoming changes in a system that clearly shows the interceptions and facilitates our psychological enquiry. Here's Wickenburg's take on the significance of ruler for the intercepted sign in two cases — note that we're looking at the locus of the sign ruler, not the ruler of the house in which the sign is intercepted.

Ruler of Intercepted Sign in Eighth House: The urge to merge with or another to experience intimacy and create needed change is not adequately supported by the environment. You need to investigate the deeper meaning of life in ways not encouraged, or recognized by your environment. Problem: Excessive early attention, or lack of it, placed on sacrifice, sex, separation, or intimacy. (38)

Ruler of Intercepted Sign in Tenth House: The urge to find your place in the world to secure success is not adequately supported by your environment. You need to define success in terms not understood or encouraged by your environment. Problem: Excessive early attention, or lack of it, placed on success, recognition, or authority. (39)

Theoretically, the work-throughs are indicated by the duplicate or intercepted houses — pairs of houses with the same sign on the cusps. In the Koch chart we note that these pairs are the 12th and 1st, both ruled by Moon (Cancer), and the 6th and 7th, both ruled by Saturn (Capricorn). The 8th House, where we find Jupiter (conjunct Anubis, Hekate), is ruled by Uranus (parallel Pluto), found in the 12th, ruled by Moon. Houses 6 and 7 are untenanted in Koch, but ruler Saturn is in the 3rd, in extended trine and sesqui-quintile with the Taurus stellium, emphasizing disciplined (conjunct Mars) study and analysis going to matters of self-transformation in response to the Pluto squares of that stellium. Uranus and Pluto are parallel. Much of the chart focuses in the 5th, at Chiron R, Vertex, et al., which squares Saturn. Chiron, Pluto, Venus and Neptune form a kite formation, a core structure in the chart. Saturn is trine the stellium and inconjunct Venus, which is trine Pluto and Chiron et al. The role of Saturn is analytic and stabilizing: A strong hand supplanting political hysteria (Sabian 13). The work-through is via Saturn (and Juno/Mars) in the 3rd.

Where things fit...

One of the questions at play has to do with the placement of Chiron — in the 5th or 6th? In Helio Whole Signs, we find it in the 6th Sag, along with Ceres, Hygiea, Nephthys and the GC (plus other asteroids and fixed stars). The theme is healing, rather than art per se. The art is ... of the healing. Mercury, Moon, Earth and Pallas are in the 5th, Scorpio, which PMars will depart in a couple years. PJupiter is anaretic (29°00'00" to 29°59'59"), departing Aqu for Pis, and will be in that process for about 10 years, till age 75 → 8th to 9th. Hekate preceded Jupiter into Pis in 1979, followed by Mercury in 1980, and Anubis in 1995. All of that seems to fit.

This matter of 'fit' or resonance is a recurrent theme in our work with astrology. Results depend on the system(s) used in the study. And since we treat of the entire exercise as cognitive mapping, there's a great deal of internal dialogue and intra-collective input involved in the process. It's not simply following a map, but creating it in the process and discovering the path, finding the apposite answer(s). In the end its a process of being led to discovery through the research.

We can make a case for the importance of all four singletons, Neptune R, Pluto, Jupiter and Saturn, and for the identified intercepts but, what's the next stage?

I can feel (Moon, Hermit Moon) it, attend the changes as I sing the Medicine Buddha mantra, note the synchronicities that present, the sense that timing takes care of itself, that there is a flow to things, and great joy in seeing the interconnectedness hitherto appreciated as a feeling-certainty but hidden from view, so contending with anxiety and insecurity have been frequent spurs in workings-through, going to identity as a collective and the relevance of that in larger milieu. All of which appears to be eliminating suki, the gap between thought and action, the overthinking I am sometimes prone to do.

So, I can stop here. I can write a new poem. Paint. Listen. Get rid of the stuff I no longer need, clear the old files, empty the closets. Though some seem longer than others, everything is but a moment.


This study has lasted about three weeks. It could go on and on. Because it's really a process into which I've dipped a toe. And while I've learned much, it seems the case that there's nothing to know before experience, for too much is otherwise coming through. The experience unfolds. This is a time of transition. There's a sense of course, a feeling of direction, but nothing in the way of security in the knowledge that...

Instead, there is detachment and transformation. Even when I consider the Solar Return or study the Natus, Progressions and Solar Arc, results vary by reference place. In the SR, for instance, at Moorhead birthplace the Ascendant is 19Pis9', conjunct Chiron; but for the Ottawa locus (home, since 1970) the Ascendant is 29Ari24'26" with a lunar conjunction forthcoming and an Anubis conjunction recently completed. What's the difference?

Both options make sense, no doubt because they're concomitantly in process, yet the current locus seems more the point of action-focus. It feels to me that there is about to unfold a series of outer-world changes pursuant to Taurus and the latter half of the 10th. On the other hand, I've no doubt this is predicated of 9th House issues and encompasses Chiron, which will remain square to radical Chiron R for several months to come. And among other developments, Ketu is about to conjunct mean Rahu — that event will occur in Pisces rather than Aries, as shown in Vedic Lahiri Sidereal Chart I. That should prove interesting.